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Phone No:  Address: Vallipuram, Yazhppaanam
Kondavil Agricultural Land
Nainativu Nagapooshani Amman
Jaffna St. John's College
Manipay Hindu College

வல்லிபுரம் என்பது இலங்கையின் வடபகுதியிலுள்ள யாழ்ப்பாணக் குடாநாட்டின் கிழக்குக் கடற்கரையோரமாக அமைந்துள்ள ஒரு ஊராகும். இப்பொழுது இது மிகவும் குடித்தொகை அடர்த்தி குறைந்த இடமாக உள்ளது. பழங்காலத்தில் இவ்விடத்தில் முக்கியமான குடியிருப்புக்கள் இருந்ததற்கான தொல்பொருட் சான்றுகள் கிடைத்துள்ளன. இதனையும், வேறு இலக்கிய ஆதாரங்களையும் முன்வைத்து, சிங்கைநகர் என்று குறிப்பிடப்படுகின்ற யாழ்ப்பாண அரசின் தலைநகரமே வல்லிபுரம் என்று சில ஆய்வாளர்கள் கூறுகிறார்கள். இவ்விடத்தில் பிரபலமான வல்லிபுர ஆழ்வார் கோயில் ஆலயமும் உண்டு.

The place name Valli or Vali is a Ramayana name, and it is also a clear toponymic from "Valli", or "sand" in Tamil and Sinhala. The Vishnu temple here was constructed around the 13th century. Tamil Buddhist and Hindu cults co-existed easily, even when the rulers did not, and hence a Vaisnava tradition may have existed in early times as well. The deity of the temple is called Vallipura Azhvar. Azhvar names are common in Vaishnavite tradition. This place is the first place of settlement in Sri Lanka. Rest of Sri Lanka was populated from this landing place.

Vallipuram (Sandy City) has a recorded history from the 2nd century BC, in the gold inscription, where the local ruler is named as "Azhagiri", a name confirmed in the Nelugala stone inscription (2nd Century BC). King Vasabha is also thought to be mentioned. The Buddhist list of holy places ("Nampotha") names it as "Vallipuram" or sand city. The exact details of the temple complex are not known, and the famous 'Vallipuram" Buddha statue built with Dravidian sculptural traditions from Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh was found in excavations below the Hindu Temple. The language of the inscription is Tamil-Prakrit, which shares several similarities with script inscriptions used in Andhra at the time. This cultural exchange between the Jaffna Tamils and Andhra Pradesh occurred at the height of Tamil trade in the Sangam period, continuing when the Telugu Satavahana dynasty was at the height of its power from 230 BCE right through when its 17th monarch Hāla (20-24 CE) married a princess from the island.[1][2] Professor Peter Shalk (University of Uppsala), writes " Vallipuram has very rich archaeological remains that point at an early settlement. It was probably an emporium in the first centuries AD. From already dated stones with which we compare this Vallipuram statue, we can conclude that it falls in the period 3-4 century AD. During that period, the typical Amaravati-Buddha sculpture was developed". The Buddha statue found here was gifted to King of Thailand by the then British Governor Henry Blake in 1906. The descendants of Arya Chakravarti married into Kalinga Magha family and created a dynasty of Singai-Aryans and ruled from Vallipuram and renamed it as Singai Nagar. However, no historically useful objects, e.g., inscriptions, art or literary works were left by these rulers, and Paranavithana and other historians claim that they paid tribute to the main ruler of the country. See also S. Paranavitana, ``Vallipuram Gold-Plate Inscription of the Regin of Vasabha. Epigraphia Zeylanica , 4 (1936) 229-236. A full discussion has been given recently by Karthigesu Indrapala, Evolution of an Ethnic Identity,(2005), and in an earlier work, 1965 where Dr. Indrapala argued for a flourishing pre-christian buddhist civilization in Jaffna, in agreement with Paranavithana, and Mudliyar C. Rasanayakam, Ancient Jaffna.

This place is similar to Nagapatnam where all Asian vessels used it as a stopover point and the Buddhist and Hindu Dagobas are just a resting and worshipping places for the sailors and international traders. Both Nagapatnam and Vallipuram served the powerful kingdoms of China, Siam, Cambodia, Champa (Vietnam) and Java.

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